For schools, teachers and parents
by Stephanie Chambers BSc and Dr Scott Terry
At Merri Mysteries we have designed our mystery party games kits so that they are educational, fun and mentally challenging yet solvable. All our kits are good, clean family fun. Some are murder mysteries, but many are mysteries but no murders. They provide students with an opportunity to use there dramatic skills and problem solving skills.
The organizer for a party using Mystery In The Library for a school group of students in Joplin, Missouri, USA (a parent and former school teacher) sent the following feedback:
“It was not until we were in high gear with it that I came to realize how dynamic it was. It integrated several more essential skills than I was aware of (reading, analytical thinking, acting, imagination, pattern recognition, team work, to name a few). I feel that drama has a definite place in curriculum design, since it calls on both the left and right brain.”
At another school in the US, Terri Lawler, a teacher who helped organize a similar event for 30 children, wrote:
“The dinner was a fabulous success!! We did one act per hour. The parents decorated four rooms (forest, castle, spooky, library) and you would not believe how they looked! The kids were stunned because it didn’t even look like classrooms. The kids were allowed to come late to school dressed and in character. We were on the TV news! We served an appetizer the first hour, salad, the second hour, entree the third hour, and dessert the fourth. The parents were waitresses and waiters and the kids were served sitting down. We had a bell to ring when Sherlock was getting ready to ask a question. Thank you for all your help. It was awesome!”
Our mystery party games develop problem solving abilities and drama skills and they also look at the big question of what motivates people to do what they do.
Students have to use their reasoning abilities to weigh up all the clues and to decide what is important and what isn’t (eg what is a red herring).
Students bring with them certain paradigms of reality. For example, some might assume that males are more likely to commit crimes. But our kits get them to rethink their assumptions. Students also have to realize that people don’t always tell the truth. So just because something has been said or overheard doesn’t mean it is necessarily true. The game provides a natural learning environment that arouses their curiosity.
As teacher, it is your responsibility to explain that they will assessed not just by their answer because they may have just guessed who did it. They will be assessed by the way they gathered information, how they ruled out suspects for various reasons and their reasoning for deciding on the person they have chosen as the one who committed the crime.
Because a mystery party game is such a different format to the way in which they normally learn, it fosters their development of adaptive learning rather than routine/rote learning.
They themselves choose the road of inquiry to take. They decide which clues to focus on and who to talk to (in the meet and mingle formatted kits).
The game can develop critical thinking abilities as follows:
- By looking for evidence to support assumptions
- By recognizing gaps in information – things that aren’t known or that might not be true
- Discriminating between observation and inference and between fact and conjecture
- Avoiding being misled by technical jargon and asking questions to find out more
- Probing for the assumptions behind a line of reasoning
- Discriminating between inductive reasoning (where facts are determined by repeated observations) and deductive reasoning (where an argument is made from the particular to the general and vice versa and where facts are determined by combining existing statements)
- Drawing inferences from clues and evidence and recognizing when firm inferences cannot be drawn. This includes syllogistic reasoning such as “if… then” statements, corresponding conditional (eg it was either A or B, it wasn’t A and therefore it is B) and recognizing when relevant variables have or have not been controlled.
- Performing hypothetico-deductive reasoning (eg if the person has done what they said they were planning to do, and whether the actual outcome matches this – so testing your hypothesis)
- Testing ones own line of reasoning and conclusions for internal consistency and then developing intellectual self-reliance
- Developing self consciousness concerning ones own thinking and reasoning skills.
Deep versus surface learning
The aim is to try to get the students to develop understanding and to make sense of what they are learning. They need to create meaning and to develop their own ideas in relation to it.
If they take a surface approach their aim will be to just work out who did it with a minimum of effort on their part and as little involvement as possible. Often they will try and guess rather than working out how and why the person did it.
They often have a negative attitude to learning. But because the game is fun, they can often forget to be negative. They, like everyone in the class, often gets engrossed and enjoys the experience and they let their natural curiosity take over.
There is nothing in the game that can be simply rote learned and regurgitated, so they are forced to take a different approach.
A library readers theater event
A classroom decorated for a readers theater activity
What can you do as the teacher?
To encourage deep learning, we recommend that you reward their process not just the final answer they give. Give them feedback on their progress. Get them to focus on a few things rather than too much.
Discussions before the game: Get the students to discuss the deeper meaning behind such mysteries such as “why do people kill or steal or behave badly” etc? What are their motives? Discuss whether such motives really justify such acts (especially in the case of murder). Are the people who do such things thinking clearly or are they a little crazy?
How should they look critically at what takes place during the game? How can they detach themselves from the emotional aspects and looks at facts? How can their assumptions mislead them? How can you recognise a red herring? Once they know more details about the crime, how can they use this information to rule out certain suspects?
Discussions after the game: Ask them if they can relate to the emotions of the people in the game? Have they ever felt that way? How did they cope with the emotion rather than act on it? Discuss why some suspects may have thought about committing the crime and even planned how they were going to do it but not actually done it. Discuss what led them to make the wrong conclusion. Discuss what logic they could have used to arrive at the correct solution.
Organizational skills: Get them to suggest ways to organize the facts they find out before they start. You may like to present some possible ways to organize information such as mind mapping etc. Developing their own chart to use durng the game will help develop their executive function skills. Do they have somewhere to write down the motives of the suspect with relation to the victim? Where will they write down any plans the suspect had or suspicious things they did? How will they note on their chart that they have ruled out a suspect and where will they write down the reason for ruling them out?
Time management: How are they going to spend their time during the party? Get them to work out the most effective strategies in terms of using their time.
Educational aspects of the kits
Generally in our mystery party games, we cover some aspect of history or culture. For example:
Mysteries not murders:
- Hawaiian Lunacy… This is set on “The Big Island” of Hawaii where there is an active volcano. It mentions various historical aspects of Hawaiian history and folklore.
- Heavenly Frolicking Fun… This covers the lives and history of some major famous Americans and is suitable for around 4th of July or anytime.
- Kidnapped By Pirates… Columbus had sailed the ocean blue and discovered America and he was being brought back to Spain in chains when, in this mystery not in real life, pirates overtook the ship he was on. This play also covers the true historical information about Columbus from this time.
- Mardi Gras Mayhem… Set in New Orleans. This covers some of the historical and current cultural aspects of the parade and is lots of fun.
- Mystery in the Library… The characters are from fairytales and books and the basic plots of these books are covered. Also there is a lot of information about King Henry VIII of England provided. There are special school versions of this kit. In both the standard format and meet and mingle school bundles, there are 4 different versions with different people who did it so that you can use it for 4 different classes and not have to worry about one class telling the other class who did it. There are specific teacher’s notes included with the host guides for the school versions. They are designed to stimulate reading, research and creative writing skills in upper primary and early high school students. Students should be asked to pay close attention to the clues when performing the mystery, as they will be asked to recall specific information obtained along the way.
- Out Of The Game… It is set in 1944 and is about baseball and is loosely based on the 1919 World Series Black Sox Scandal combined with the advent of women to the game during WWII.
- Phoney… Someone is not who they say they are. This covers identity theft and it also covers a broad range of various professions and university degrees available, so it relevant to career planning. It appropriate for around graduation time or anytime.
- Poetic Justice… This involves 1920s characters and there are references H. G. Wells’ books. Characters include T.S. Eliot, James Joyce, Isadora Duncan and Agatha Christie. It also includes some short excepts from some poems.
- Prom Pandemonium… This is set at a school prom. It illustrates the rivalries that can occur in the final years of school and other school issues. And it’s lots of fun too!
- The Crazy Clown Car Caper… This is set in a circus. This kit was written by students of a high school in New Hamshire! Ten percent of the proceeds of this kit go to the charity the students chose (ie an animal welfare center).
- The Hunt… This is the ultimate scavenger hunt! It covers topics such as architecture, art history, music and gemology. It is very educational, but fun too.
- The Luck Of The Irish… This mystery is set in Ireland and covers Irish history, culture and mythology.
- The Superhero Mystery… Besides being fun to play a superhero, this mystery also lends well to discussions about crime and terrorism.
- Who Am I?... This kit provides an excellent way for students to become familiar with some world famous leaders and achievers in history. No costumes are required.
- Who Stole The Cookies?... This has similar characters to Mystery In The Library, but it has a different plot.
- Caught In A Spanish Web… This is set in Spain. It also provides insights into the kinds of issues dealt with by human resources departments of businesses such as worker motivation, pay, general treatment of workers etc.
- Celebrity Celebrations… This is set in the 1960s and provides lots of information about celebrities such as Elvis, Fred Astaire etc.
- Storm Survivors… This is set on a tropical island in the Great Barrier Reef after an international athletic competition. A cyclone has just hit the island and all aspects of surviving this kind of event are discussed.